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Acetate: Acetate is a manufactured fiber composed of acetylated cellulose.
Acrylic: Acrylic is a manufactured fiber derived from petrochemical by-products.
Acrylonitrile: Acrylonitrile is the chemical composition from which acrylic fiber is made. It results from the reaction of ethylene oxide and hydrocyanic acid.
Aramid: Aramid is a type of chemically manufactured fiber. Aramid fibers are polyamides that are strong and fire-resistant.
Austrian Shade: An Austrian shade is a shade with ruching down the whole side length, creating billows when the shade is raised.
Bar Tack: Bar tack is a sewing machine operation of repeated stitches, concentrated to secure the lowest portion of curtain pleats.
Bast Fiber: Bast fiber refers to a plant fiber located between the pithy center of the stem and the skin. Examples are flax, jute, hemp, and ramie.
Blind Stitching: Blind stitching is stitching that is only visible on one side of a fabric.
Bolt: A bolt is an entire length of fabric, rolled full-width on a tube.
Border: A border is similar to a gimp, but is wider than a gimp. It is a flat, woven textile made in many styles. One or both edges of a border may be plain, cut, or have scalloped loops. Borders are sometimes woven in patterns such as stripes or chevrons.
Boucle: Boucle is a knit or woven fabric made from a rough, curly, knotted yarn. The fabric has a looped, knotted surface.
Box Pleat: A box pleat is a fold of cloth sewn in place to create fullness. Box pleats are evenly spaced and stitched. Note: We do not recommend using a box pleat panel with a traverse rod because box pleat panels do not stack back well.
Brocade: Brocade is a heavy, jacquard-type fabric with an all-over raised pattern or floral design.
Brocatelle: Brocatelle was originally meant to be an imitation of Italian tooled leather created on a plain or satin background, with a satin or twill pattern. Brocatelle is characterized by a smooth, raised figure of warp-effect, often in a satin weave, atop a filling effect backdrop. Actual brocatelle is a double-weave fabric constructed of silk and linen warp with a linen and silk filling. Modern-day materials have changed from the 13th and 14th century fabrics, but still incorporate the embossed figure in a tight, compact woven warp-effect. Although brocatelle is sometimes considered a flat fabric, it displays patterns that stand out in a sort of high relief, blistered effect.
Brush Fringe: A brush fringe is a cut fringe with a flat skirt made of thin yarns. The heading of a brush fringe can vary from simple to elaborate.
Buckram: Buckram is a stiff fabric (usually made of cotton), used for reinforcing curtain panel headers.
Bullion Fringe: A bullion fringe is a fringe made of plain or crepe cords rather than yarns. The heading can range from simple to decorative.
Calendaring: Calendaring refers to a process for finishing fabrics that can produce high luster, embossing, glazing, or moire.
Cartridge Pleat Curtain: A cartridge pleat panel has approximately 1.5” diameter pleats with cardboard tubes inserted in the pleats to stabilize and maintain the shape of the pleats.
Cascade: A cascade is a fall of fabric which descends in a zigzag line from a curtain heading or top window treatment.
Cashmere: Cashmere is a fine fiber obtained from the undercoat of the Himalayan Cashmere goat.
Cellulose: Cellulose is a material derived from the cell walls of certain plants. Cellulose is used in the production of many vegetable fibers, as well as being the major raw material component in the production of acetate, rayon, and triacetate.
Center Draw: Center draw refers to a pair of curtains that draw open and closed at a window's center point.
Center Support: A center support is a bracket used to support the center of a drapery pole or rod, preventing the rod from sagging in the middle.
Chenille: Chenille is a special yarn with pile protruding on all sides produced by first weaving a fabric—usually with cotton or linen warp and silk, wool, rayon, or cotton weft. The warps are taped in groups of four and the wefts are beaten in very closely. After weaving, the fabric is cut lengthwise between each of these groups of warp yarns, each cutting producing continuous chenille which is then twisted. The word “chenille” means “caterpillar” in French.
Chiffon: Chiffon is a plain woven, soft, sheer fabric often made of silk or rayon.
Chintz: Chintz is a cotton fabric, with or without a printed pattern, that has a glaze created by applying resin and calendaring.
Collage: Collage is a term used to describe the style of a product in which more than two different fabrics are used.
Cord: A cord is plied yarn (plies) that has been twisted together. When used for a seam, a tape is sewn onto the edge of the cord. Cords are frequently used in place of fabric welts.
Corduroy: Corduroy is cut pile fabric, usually made of cotton, in which the ribbed pile is produced with a supplementary weft yarn.
Cornice: A cornice is a shallow, box-like structure, usually made of wood, secured across the top of a window to conceal drapery hardware.
Cornice Board: A cornice board is the horizontal board used as support for a cornice or as a foundation for swags and tails.
Cotton: Cotton is a natural, cellulosic seed hair fiber obtained from the seedpod of the cotton plant.
Crewel: Crewel is a hand embroidery technique from Kashmir in which fine, loosely twisted two-ply yarn is chain-stitched on cotton cloth. Imperfections, color variations, irregularities, natural black specks, dye marks, and dirt spots are characteristics that label it as genuine. These fabrics are handwoven by artisans in India, and the beauty of the cloth is in its natural, homespun appearance.
Crushed Fabrics: Crushed fabrics are those treated with heat, moisture, and pressure in finishing to distort pile formation.
Cuprammonium: Cuprammonium is a process in which a type of regenerated rayon fiber is produced. In this process, the wood pulp or cotton liners are dissolved in an ammoniac copper oxide solution.
Custom-Made Curtains: Custom-made curtains are draperies made to order.
Cut Length: Cut length is the length of fabric after allowances have been made for headings and hems.
Cut Pile: Cut pile is a fabric in which the pile is cut rather than looped, creating a velvet effect.
Cut Width: Cut width is the width of fabric after allowances have been made for headings and hems.
Cut Yardage: Cut yardage is a fabric or trimming ordered to a specific measurement, as opposed to purchasing by the piece or bolt.
Decalcomania: Decalcomania is the art of transferring pictures or designs from specially prepared paper to wood, metal, glass, etc.
Decorative Rods: Decorative rods are curtain rods used for the purpose of decorating and are meant to be seen.
Denim: Denim is a yarn-dyed cotton cloth woven in a warp-faced twill, usually with a dyed warp and a natural weft.
Density: Density is a standard measurement of thickness in fabric weight. Yarn size, number of warp ends, and weft picks determine the density of a fabric.
Double Valance: A double valance has two layers of fabric that are not sewn together on the bottom edge. The top layer of fabric is typically shorter than the back layer of fabric.
Doupione: Doupione is an irregular slub silk reeled from double cocoons or silk worms which have spun their cocoons side by side, causing an interlock, making it necessary to reel them together. Antique taffetas and sheers are woven with doupioni weft yarn, as are many damasks.
Drapability: Drapability refers to how well a fabric can flow or fall into folds in an attractive manner.
Drapery: Drapery refers to a fabric window covering which is usually hung from a rod.
Draw Curtains: Draw curtains are panels of fabric featuring pleated headings, and are able to be drawn closed.
Dress Curtains: Dress curtains are draperies used for the sole purpose of decorating and are not able to be drawn closed.
Drop: Drop is the length of a bed skirt, measured from the bed's box spring to the floor. The drop is also referred to as the skirt drop.
Duck: Duck is a broad term for a wide range of plain weave fabrics. Duck is usually made of cotton, although sometimes linen is used. The terms “canvas” and “duck” are often interchangeable, but canvas is often used to refer to heavier constructions. The term duck had its origins before the mid-19th century when all canvas for sails was imported. The light flax sail fabrics imported mostly from England and Scotland bore the trademark stencil of a raven, while the weights bore the trademark of a duck. The word duck became associated with a heavy fabric and was applied to cotton canvas when it was first manufactured in the U.S.
Elasticity: Elasticity is the ability of a fiber or fabric to return to its original length, shape, or size immediately after the removal of stress.
Embossing: Embossing is a calendaring process which produces a raised design or pattern in relief. The design is pressed into fabric or leather by passing it through hot, engraved rollers. Velvet or plush is embossed by shearing the pile to different levels or by pressing parts flat.
Embroidery: Embroidery refers to the process in which threads are sewn on a fabric, creating a design.
End Brackets: End brackets are the two supporting grips which secure a curtain rod to a wall and affect projection from the wall.
Eyelet: Eyelet is a type of fabric that features patterned cut-outs, around which stitching or embroidery may be applied in order to prevent the fabric from unraveling.
Facing: Facing is a strip of fabric over a main fabric that hides raw fabric edges and unlined curtains.
Faille: Faille is a glossy, soft, finely-ribbed, silk-like, woven fabric made from cotton, silk, or manufactured fiber.
Felt: Felt is a fabric made from fibers not taken to yarn form but instead enmeshed by heat, moisture, and agitation. Felt can also be a fabric made by shrinking and agitating woven or knit cloth to obtain superior density, resilience, and strength.
Festoon: A festoon is a decorative curtain treatment of folded fabric which hangs in a graceful curve and frames the top of a window. A festoon is also called a Parisian shade.
Fiberglass: Fiberglass is a manufactured mineral fiber extruded in continuous filaments.
Filament: A filament is a continuous strand of silk or manufactured fiber.
Filling (Weft): Filling or weft is an element carried horizontally through the open shed of the vertical warp in a woven fabric.
Finial: A finial is a decorative end piece on a drapery pole or traverse rod. A finial is also called a pole end.
Finished Length: Finished length refers to the length of curtain panels after they have been made.
Finished Width: Finished width refers to the width of curtain panels after they have been made. Note: The finished width for all Eastern Accents single width panels (both pleated and flat styles, with a standard 2.5 fullness) is approximately 20 inches.
Flame-Resistant Fabric: Flame-resistant fabric is fabric with a fiber content or topical finish that makes it difficult to ignite and slow to burn.
Flame-Retardant Fabric: Flame-retardant fabric is manufactured fabric with a fiber content made or treated to resist burning, and that passes most fire code requirements.
Flange: A flange is a decorative finish on a fabric, and is sewn into a seam. To avoid having the flange droop, a pellon may be inserted to stabilize the flange.
Flannel: Flannel is a fabric with a surface that is slightly napped in finish.
Flax: Bast fiber is extracted from the flax plant's stem by retting to produce linen. Linen fiber is often mistaken for flax, particularly in blends.
Floats: Floats are missed interlacings, where a warp yarn lies on top of a weft yarn, or vice versa. Floats tend to make a fabric look glossier and give it a smoother hand. A float can also be grouped to form a pattern on the face, as in brocade.
Flounce: A flounce is a created by a technique in which an extra long heading is sewn at the top of a rod pocket curtain panel. The curtain fabric then falls over the rod pocket and creates the appearance of a short attached valance.
French Pleats: French pleats are the most popular three-fold pleats used in drapery.
Fringe: Fringe is a decorative edging with hanging tassels or threads.
Frog: A frog is a decorative fastener made of twisted cord wound into a design that looks like several petals joined to a similar design on the opposite side.
Fullness: Fullness refers to the proportion of the finished width of a window treatment compared to the width of the mounting board or drapery pole. The most common fullness is 2.5, which indicates the width of the mounting board or drapery pole is multiplied by 2.5 to obtain the finished width of the valance or curtain panel.
Gathering Tape: Gathering tape is tape that, when stitched to the top of a curtain or valance, creates a gathered effect when the cords that run through the tape are pulled.
Gimp: A gimp is a flat, narrow, woven textile made in many styles. One or both edges of a gimp can be plain, cut, or have scalloped loops.
Gingham: Gingham is a yarn-dyed, combed, or carded cotton fabric woven into a series of simple patterns (such as checks, stripes, or plaids) in two or more colors.
Goblet Pleats: Goblet pleats are pleats that have a padded top edge, pushed out in a goblet-type shape. These pleats are similar to pinch pleats. Note: We do not recommend using a goblet pleat panel with a traverse rod because goblet pleat panels do not stack back well.
Grommet Curtain: A grommet curtain is a flat curtain panel with grommets attached along the top, which allow it to be threaded on a drapery pole.
Grosgrain Ribbon: A grosgrain ribbon is a heavy, corded ribbon.
Gusset: A gusset refers to the depth of a mattress or fitted sheet.
Harlequin: Harlequin is a large check pattern that is turned 45 degrees to form a diamond in two or more contrasting colors. This term is suggested by the loudly checked costume of a harlequin.
Heading or Header: A heading or header is the folded, usually stiffened, portion across the top of a curtain.
Heat Set Finish: Heat set finishing is a process used to stabilize manufactured fiber fabrics in order to guarantee they do not change shape or size. Heat setting is used to permanently impart a crease, a pleat, or durability into a fabric or garment -a finish that will remain through repeated washings and dry cleanings.
Heat Transfer Printing: Heat transfer printing is a method that transfers designs from rolls of paper to polyester or other thermoplastic fibers. Designs are preprinted with disperse dyes on paper, and under high temperature, are transferred onto fabric when both are passed through a heat transfer printing machine. Disperse dyes are the only dyes that can sublimate and, therefore, are the only dyes that can be used. This printing process is an adaptation of the decalcomania method.
Hem: A hem is a finished edge of a sewn item.
Hemstitch: A hemstitch is a stitch used to create a decorative, open weave pattern. A hemstitch is created by sewing along a line from which threads have been drawn out, gathering the cross threads into a series of small groups.
Herringbone: Herringbone is a twill weave that reverses direction across a fabric to form a chevron design.
Holdback: Holdbacks are decorative pieces of hardware, fabric, or tassels designed to hold curtains back from the window to allow light passage, or to add a decorative touch to the window treatment. Holdbacks are also referred to as tiebacks.
Honeycomb: Honeycomb is a pique weave in a hexagonal shape. It is also known as waffle weave.
Houndstooth: Houndstooth is a pointed check effect produced by a two-up, two-down broken twill with four ends and four picks in a repeat.
Installation: Installation refers to the process of placing and setting a window treatment on a window.
Interlining: Interlining is a layer of fabric (Eastern Accents uses cotton flannel) between the face fabric and the lining.
Inverted Pleat Curtain: An inverted pleat curtain features pleats constructed of a reversed box pleat that causes a fabric's fullness to turn inward. Note: We do not recommend using an inverted pleat panel with a traverse rod because inverted pleats do not stack back well.
Iridescent: Iridescent refers to a color effect created by weaving warp ends of one color and a weft of another color. A taffeta weave results in the best iridescent effects.
Jacquard: Jacquard is a woven fabric, manufactured by using the Jacquard attachment on a loom. This attachment provides versatility in designs and permits individual control of each of the warp yarns. Brocade and damask are examples of jacquard woven fabrics.
Jute: Jute is a bast fiber obtained from the round or long pod jutes of the family Tiliaceae. It is grown extensively in Pakistan and India, and is mainly found in the Bengal district of Pakistan.
Knife Edge: A knife edge is a seam without a decorative finish.
Knife Pleats: Knife pleats are narrow, finely pressed, closely spaced pleats that face the same direction.
Latex: Latex is a raw material, from which natural and synthetic fibers are made. Natural latex is a white, milky emulsion. Latex is sometimes used as a backing on fabrics.
Linen: Linen is a strong, lustrous yarn made from flax fiber.
Lining: Lining is a fabric backing of an item such as a curtain panel.
Long-Staple: Long-staple refers to fabrics that have relatively long fibers.
Loom: A loom is a machine used for weaving fabrics.
Loom State: Loom state refers to goods as they come off the loom before converting or finishing. These goods are also called gray or griege.
Loop Fringe: A loop fringe is similar to a brush fringe except the yarns at the base of the skirt are looped, not cut. The bottom edge of a loop fringe can be straight or scalloped.
Loop and Brush Fringe: A loop and brush fringe is a combination of loop and cut brush fringe styles in the same trimming.
Lycocell Fiber: Lycocell fiber is a manufactured fiber composed of regenerated cellulose. Lyocell has a similar hand and drape to that of rayon, but is stronger, more durable, and in many cases is machine washable. It has a subtle luster and is rich in color. Lyocell possesses low shrinkage characteristics, as well as good absorbency and wrinkle resistant qualities.
Matelasse: Matelasse is a woven fabric similar to a brocatelle. It has two warps that, in weaving, achieve a puckered or quilted effect. In French, "matelasse" means "to quilt" or "to pad".
Mercerizing: Mercerizing is a process by which yarn or cloth is treated with sodium hydroxide to give it luster, strength, and receptiveness to dyes.
Meter: A meter is a universally accepted and commonly used measurement based in hundreds and is equivalent to 39.37 inches.
Mitered: Mitered refers to a border or a flange that is matched in the corners with a diagonal seam.
Mitered Corner: In draperies, a mitered corner is the formation of the bottom edge with a 45-degree angle on the hem side.
Mohair: Mohair is long, white, lustrous hair obtained from the Angora goat. Mohair plush is a fabric with a cut pile of mohair yarns that are lustrous and extremely strong, and will hold a permanent embossing.
Moire: Moire is a finishing process that produces a wavy or rippled pattern on a fabric, and is unique from fabric to fabric. In French, "moire" means "watered".
Molly Bolt: A molly bolt has a nut with wings which close for passage through a small hole and spring open after passing through the hole to keep the bolt from slipping back through. A molly bolt is also known as a toggle bolt.
Multi-Draw: Multi-draw refers to multiple curtains on one rod that may be simultaneously opened and closed.
Muslin: Muslin is a plain weave, strong cotton cloth.
Natural Fibers: Natural fibers refers to fibers derived from natural substances such as cellulose, protein, and minerals.
Novelty Yarn: A novelty yarn is one that is intentionally produced to have a special or unique effect. These effects can be produced by twisting together uneven single yarns, by using yarns that have irregularities, or by twisting yarns that have a color variance. A slubbed yarn is an example of a novelty yarn.
Nylon: Nylon is a generic term for synthetic polyamide fibers.
One-Way Draw: One-way draw refers to single-panel curtains designed to open and close only one way.
Opacity: Opacity is the degree to which a solid material or fabric blocks light.
Organdy: Organdy is a stiffened, sheer, lightweight plain weave fabric, with a medium to high yarn count.
Organza: Organza is a thin, transparent silk, rayon, or nylon fabric made in a plain weave and given a stiff, wiry finish.
Orientation: Orientation refers to the direction a window faces.
Outside Mount Window Treatment: An outside mount window treatment is installed outside a window frame, on the wall.
Overlap: An overlap is the part of a curtain panel that rides the master carrier of a traverse rod and overlaps in the center when the curtains are drawn closed. An overlap is typically 3.5” on each side.
Overlay Curtain: An overlay curtain has a sheer face fabric on top of a second, heavier face fabric, allowing the second fabric to show through the sheer fabric.
Panel: A panel is half a pair of curtains.
Parisian Pleat Curtain: A Parisian pleat curtain features pleats constructed of 3 smaller, equal pleats sewn together at the top, creating a formal look.
Parisian Shade: A Parisian shade is a decorative curtain treatment of folded fabric which hangs in a graceful curve and frames the top of a window. A Parisian shade is also called a festoon.
Passementerie: Passementerie refers to the vast range of trimmings and decorative edgings.
Pattern Repeat: A pattern repeat is the distance between any given point in a design to where that exact point is repeated again.
Pellon: Pellon is a non-woven fabric used as an interfacing to shape, support, or stabilize areas of a product.
Pelmet: A pelmet is an upholstered wood cornice or stiffened and shaped valance.
Pencil Pleat Curtain: Pencil pleat curtains feature pleats formed by sewing a special drapery tape to the back of of a panel and drawing the fabric together with strings to create a column of tightly packed folds.
Percale: Percale is a fine, plain-woven cloth of closely set, combed and carded long-staple cotton. Percale produces very high-grade and fine-quality linen.
Piece-Dyeing: Piece-dyeing is a process of dyeing fabric in the piece or bolt.
Pigment: Pigment is an insoluble powdered coloring agent carried in a liquid binder and printed or padded onto the surface of a cloth.
Pile: Pile is raised loops, cut interlacings of double cloths or tufts (cut loops), and other erect yarns or fibers deliberately produced on cloth which form all or part of the surface of a fabric.
Pill: A pill is a fuzzy ball caused by the rolling up of abraded surface fibers. When tangled together, pills look like tiny balls and detract from the appearance of a fabric.
Pin-On-Hook: A pin-on-hook is a metal pin used to fasten curtains to a rod. It pins into curtain pleats and hooks to a traverse carrier or cafe rod.
Pinch Pleats: Pinch pleats are pleats in which the basic pleat is divided into two or three smaller, equal pleats sewn (pinched) together at the bottom edge of the fabric.
Piping: Piping refers to decorative cords used at edges of an item. Piping is usually fabric-covered and is attached to an item by inserting it through a seam.
Pique: Pique is a fabric with an embossed appearance created by weaving ribbed, waffle, or honeycomb patterns.
Pleat: A pleat is a fold sewn in place to create fullness in fabric.
Pleat To: Pleat To refers to the finished width of fabric after it has been pleated.
Ply: Ply refers to the number of yarns twisted together to make a composite yarn.
Pole End: A pole end is a decorative end piece on a drapery pole or traverse rod. A pole end is also called a finial.
Polyester: Polyester is a generic term for a manufactured fiber in which the fiber-forming substance is a long-chain synthetic polymer composed of a complex ester.
Polypropylene: Polypropylene is a manufactured fiber characterized by its light weight, strength, and resistance to abrasion.
Portiere: Portiere refers to a doorway treatment, typically a hung curtain.
Projection: Projection refers to the part of a curtain rod that returns to the wall from the front of the rod.
Raffia: Raffia is a leaf stalk fiber obtained from the raffia palm in Raffia, Madagascar.
Railroaded (RR): Railroaded refers to a fabric with a pattern or grain that runs across the roll horizontally, from selvage to selvage.
Ramie: Ramie is a bast fiber, similar to flax, harvested from the stalk of a plant grown in China.
Rayon: Rayon is a generic term for a manufactured fiber derived from regenerated cellulose.
Repeat: Repeat is a term used to describe how often a pattern repeats on a fabric.
Repellency: Repellency is a fabric's ability to resist such things as wetting and staining by water, soil, etc.
Resiliency: Resiliency is a fabric's ability to spring back to its original shape after being twisted, crushed, wrinkled, or distorted.
Resin: Resin is a synthetic substance used in corrective fabric finishes to add body, reduce creasing, control shrinkage, produce luster in glazing, repel water, or supply permanent press.
Return: A return is the distance from the face of a curtain rod to the wall of casing where the bracket is attached.
Rickrack: Rickrack is a trim, crafted in a zig-zag formation.
Rod: A rod is a device from which curtains are hung, used in place of a pole. A double rod may be used for window treatments with two layers of fabric.
Rod Pocket: A rod pocket is a hollow sleeve in the top and sometimes bottom of a curtain through which a rod is inserted.
Rod Width: Rod width is the measurement between the end of a bracket to the end of the opposite bracket including the stackback and window width.
Roller Shade: A roller shade is a shade operated by a device with a spring. When the spring is released, the shade coils itself around the device's cylinder.
Roman Shade: A Roman shade is a corded shade with rods set horizontally in back to give the shade a number of neat, side-set pleats or folds when raised.
Rope: A rope is a cord at least one inch in diameter.
Ruching: Ruching refers to the process by which a fabric is gathered to achieve an elegant effect. Ruching is mostly used in welts or on the face of decorative pillows.
Ruffle: A ruffle is gathered fabric often used in bed skirts and in place of a plain flange on pillows. The fullness of a ruffle is determined by the quantity of fabric used.
Sash Rod: A sash rod is a small rod, either decorative or plain, usually mounted inside a window frame on the sash.
Sateen: Sateen is a fabric made from yarns such as cotton or other staple length fibers. The fabric has a soft, smooth hand and a subtle luster.
Satin: Satin is a fabric with a characteristically smooth surface and high luster due to the high number of floats on the fabric. Constructed of mercerized cotton, satin is even stronger than plain cotton and has a greater affinity to dyes. Weft or filler satins are usually referred to as sateen.
Seam Allowance: Seam allowance is a slim extra allowance in the fabric between the line for stitching and the raw edge of the fabric.
Seersucker: Seersucker is a woven fabric that incorporates modification of tension control. In the production of seersucker, some of the warp yarns are held under controlled tension during weaving, while other warp yarns are in a relaxed state and tend to pucker when the filling yarns are placed. The result produces a puckered stripe effect in the fabric.
Selvage: Selvage refers to the thin, compressed edges of a woven fabric. The selvages run parallel to the warp yarns and prevent unraveling.
Shantung: Shantung is a lightweight silk cloth woven in a plain weave with doupioni yarn.
Sheer: Sheer refers to very thin, transparent, or semi-opaque fabric.
Shirring: Shirring refers to a gathered effect in a fabric created when a curtain rod smaller than the fabric is slid through a rod pocket.
Shrinkage: Shrinkage is the contraction of a fiber, yarn, or fabric after washing and drying. Most products made of natural fibers have a tendency to shrink 4-6%.
Side Hem: A side hem is the turned part of a fabric that forms a finished edge on the side of a sewn item.
Silk: Silk is a natural protein fiber produced from the cocoon of wild or cultivated silkworms.
Single Pleat Curtain: A single pleat curtain features pleats constructed of small, individual pleats, tucked between box pleats. Note: We do not recommend using a single pleat panel with a traverse rod because single pleat curtains do not stack back well.
Skirt Drop: Skirt drop is the length of a bed skirt, measured from the bed's box spring to the floor. The skirt drop is also referred to as the drop.
Slides: Slides are small runners (installed in a traverse rod) that hold a drapery pin or hook.
Spacing: Spacing refers to the flat space between pleats in curtain panels; the fuller the curtain, the smaller the spaces.
Spandex: Spandex is a manufactured, elastomeric fiber that can be repeatedly stretched over 500% without breaking, and will still return to its original length.
Stackback or Stacking: Stackback is the area required for curtains when they are completely open. It is also referred to as stacking.
Super King: Super King is a term used for the Eastern Accents extra large king size bed cover. The Super King size is recommended to accommodate a king bed with a pillowtop mattress.
Super Queen: Super Queen is a term used for the Eastern Accents extra large queen bed cover. The Super Queen size is recommended to accommodate a queen bed with a pillowtop mattress.
Swag: A swag is a section of fabric draped above a window.
Tails: Tails are shaped and stiffened, or free falling, trails of fabric at the ends of a swag.
Tartan: Tartan refers to multicolored plaids originally made for kilts worn by Scottish clans.
Tassel: A tassel is a hanging ornament consisting of a head and skirt of cut yarn, looped yarn, or bullion fringe. Tassels come in all sizes and shapes.
Tassel Trim: A tassel trim is a plain or decorative gimp with attached tassels.
Tension Pulley: A tension pulley is an attached pulley through which traverse cords move for continuous, smooth operation when curtains are drawn. Tension pulleys may be mounted on a baseboard, casing, or wall on one or both sides.
Thread Count: Thread count is the number of yarns per square inch in a woven fabric.
Ticking: Ticking is a general term for a strong, durable, closely woven fabric in plain, twill, or satin weave, used for covering box springs, mattresses, and pillows.
Tie: A tie is a thin strip of fabric used with tiebacks to secure a curtain to a wall. The tie can be decorated or shaped.
Tiebacks: Tiebacks are decorative pieces of hardware, fabric, or tassels designed to hold curtains back from windows to allow light passage, or to add a decorative touch to the window treatment. Tiebacks are also referred to as holdbacks.
Toggle Bolt: A toggle bolt has a nut with wings which close for passage through a small hole and spring open after passing through the hole to keep the bolt from slipping back through. A toggle bolt is also known as a molly bolt.
Toile: Toile is a linen or cotton cloth, usually made in one color with a printed design that resembles a pen and ink technique. Made famous in Jouy, France in the 18th century when a new technique of engraved plate printing was popularized, toile was known as toile de Jouy. Toiles are printed by various methods, but the most beautiful are still created by engraved plates or rollers. In French, “toile” means “cloth.”
Traverse Rod: A traverse rod is a curtain rod operated by a cord and pulley.
Tussah: Tussah is a brownish silk yarn or fabric made from wild silk cocoons of a brown hue. The silkworms that spin these cocoons feed on leaves from various plants and trees such as oak, cherry, and wild mulberry.
Tweed: Tweed is a fabric with a homespun effect created by multi- or monochromatic-colored yarns woven on plain looms. Usually made of wool or worsted, tweed often has a rough texture.
Twill: Twill is a weave that creates a diagonal effect by having the warp float on top of a few weft yarns, or vice versa; generally, three threads up and one down. Antique twill is woven as a twill with a doupioni yarn, with slubs intermittently dispersed across the fabric.
Under-Draperies: Under-draperies are lightweight curtains, usually sheers, closest to the window glass. These curtains are often hung beneath heavier over-draperies.
Up the Roll (UTR): Up the roll refers to a fabric with a pattern or grain that runs up the roll vertically, parallel to the selvages.
Velour: Velour is a fabric with a pile or napped surface resembling that of velvet.
Velvet: Velvet is a soft fabric that is either handwoven or machine-made. The machine-made velvet is a double-faced fabric that weaves two fabrics, face to face, joined by the weft yarns. These yarns are then cut automatically, which forms the pile on both faces.
Velveteen: Velveteen is a fabric with a single weft, similar to velvet but generally much softer and typically used for apparel.
Viscose: Viscose is the most common type of rayon.
Voile: Voile is a crisp, lightweight, plain weave cotton-like fabric, made with high twist yarns in a high yarn count construction.
Wall Fasteners: Wall fasteners are toggle or molly bolts that are fastened to hollow walls for window treatments.
Warp: Warp refers to yarns placed on a warp beam and entered into a loom.
Water Repellant: Water repellant refers to fabrics that have been treated with a finish which causes them to shed water and resist water penetration, but are still air-permeable. Treatments can include wax coatings, resins, silicones, and fluorine derivatives. Such treatments do not close the pores of the fabric, while waterproof finishes do.
Waterproof: Waterproof refers to fabrics with pores that have been sealed closed, and therefore, will not allow water or air to pass through them.
Weft: Weft is the yarn that traverses the warp yarns horizontally during the weaving operation. A weft is often referred to as filling.
Weights: Weights are made of lead or chain and are used to steady the bottom of curtain panels and improve drapability. Lead weights are sewn in at the vertical seams and at each corner of a drapery panel. Chain weights are small beads strung in a line along the bottom hemline of sheer curtains to ensure an even hemline and straight hanging.
Welt: A welt is piping covered with fabric and sewn into the seam of a product. Eastern Accents offers three sizes of welts: small (0.25”), medium (0.5”), and large (1.5”). The finished welt size depends on the fabric used.
Width: Width refers to the measurement of fabric as it comes from a fabric roll. Several widths of fabric are sewn together to make a single curtain panel.
Wool: Wool is a fabric made from the hair of animals such as sheep, llamas, goats, and camels. It is a resilient fabric resistant to wrinkling, renewed by moisture, and known for its warmth. Varieties of wool include Alpaca, Angora, Botany, Cashmere, Merino, and Shetland.
Worsted: Worsted can be one of two things: either a firmly twisted yarn or thread spun from combed, long-staple wool (often used for weaving); or a wool cloth woven from these yarns, with a hard surface and no nap.
Yarn-Dyeing: Yarn-dyeing refers to fabric made from yarn dyed before weaving.