Fine Linen Glossary

Egyptian Cotton: Egyptian cotton is a fine, lustrous, long-staple cotton that produces a soft, high-quality fabric.

Embroidery: Embroidery refers to the process in which threads are sewn on a fabric, creating a design.

Gusset: A gusset refers to the depth of a mattress or fitted sheet.

Hemstitch: A hemstitch is a stitch used to create a decorative, open weave pattern. A hemstitch is created by sewing along a line from which threads have been drawn out, gathering the cross threads into a series of small groups.

Jacquard: Jacquard is a woven fabric, manufactured by using the Jacquard attachment on a loom. This attachment provides versatility in designs and permits individual control of each of the warp yarns. Brocade and damask are examples of jacquard woven fabrics.

Percale: Percale is a fine, plain-woven cloth of closely set, combed and carded long-staple cotton. Percale produces very high-grade and fine-quality linen.

Piece-Dyeing: Piece-dyeing is a process of dyeing fabric in the piece or bolt.

Quilted: A quilted fabric features a construction in which a layer of down or fiberfill is placed between two layers of fabric, and held in place by stitching or sealing in a regular, consistent, all-over pattern.

Sateen: Sateen is a fabric made from yarns such as cotton or other staple length fibers. The fabric has a soft, smooth hand and a subtle luster.

Satin: Satin is a fabric with a characteristically smooth surface and high luster due to the high number of floats on the fabric. Constructed of mercerized cotton, satin is even stronger than plain cotton and has a greater affinity to dyes. Weft or filler satins are usually referred to as sateen.

Shrinkage: Shrinkage is the contraction of a fiber, yarn, or fabric after washing and drying. Most products made of natural fibers have a tendency to shrink 4-6%.

Thread Count: Thread count is the number of yarns per square inch in a woven fabric.

Yarn-Dyeing: Yarn-dyeing refers to fabric made from yarn dyed before weaving.
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  • de Medici Fine Linen
  • 4201 W. Belmont Ave.
  • Chicago, IL 60641
P: 800.282.1671
F: 800.998.3278
P: 800.397.4556
F: 800.998.3278